5-Part Make It Happen Plan

Implementing the NAE Grand Challenge K-12 Partners Program involves 5 parts which reflect the 5 components approved by the NAE for the Grand Challenge Scholars Program, translated into appropriate K-12 terminology as the “5-Part Make It Happen Plan:”

5 Part Make It Happen Plan

At the elementary school level, an example of the 5-Part Make It Happen Plan would be:

Elementary School Level Project:  How Do Plants Breathe?

Grand Challenge:  Develop carbon sequestration methods

1.  Do it: You want to discover how plants breathe (K-3 grade levels) or 
you want to discover how plants take in carbon dioxide and emit oxygen (4-5 grade levels).
2.  Learn it: You must find out how plants use sunlight for food (K-3 grade levels) or you must research photosynthesis, what it is and how it works (4-5 grade levels).
3.  Share it: Decide if you want to work with plants on land or plants in water, and learn about how much light these plants require (K-3 grade levels), or
research which biomes would have the most photosynthesis going on.  Remember to examine land and water biomes (4-5 grade levels).
4.  Create it: With the help of your teacher or another adult, place some small tea light candles in the bottom of a shoe box.  Ask the adult to light the candles and also to place a piece of dry ice in the bottom of a gallon size Ziploc bag.  Wait for the dry ice to disappear (sublimate away).  Carefully pour the invisible contents of the plastic bag over the candles in the shoe box.  Record what happens.  Take a small plant and place it in the bottom of a gallon size Ziploc bag.  (The container that the plant is in should have a plastic bag tied around it to expose only the leaves and stem of the plant—so you can turn it upside down and not spill anything.) Place a piece of dry ice in the bottom of the bag.  Do not seal the bag until the dry ice disappears (sublimates away), but keep it upright so as not to spill the gas out.  After the ice is gone, carefully seal the bag, making sure not to squeeze the gas out at all.  Leave the plant over a night or two in your classroom.  After that time, get your shoe box with the candles back out and ask the adult to light the candles.  Carefully unseal the Ziploc with the plant in it and, holding the Ziploc so as to also keep the plant inside of it, carefully pour the invisible gas inside over the candles.  Record what happens (Teacher performs for grades K-3; students with teacher help perform for grades 4-5).
5.  Teach it: Give some reasons why you saw the things you did in this activity.  Teach some other student, group, class, etc. to do this activity and write up the steps for our GC K-12 Website (all grades).

At the middle school level, an example of the 5-Part Make It Happen Plan would be:

Middle School Level Project:  Water Filters

Grand Challenge:  Access to Clean Water

1.  Do it: You want to invent a way to clean lake water or sea water (depending on location of school)
2.  Learn it: You must find out what might be in your water and how you might go about removing it.
3.  Share it: Research an event, such as a natural disaster that has occurred, for which an inexpensive, portable water filter could have helped the local population.
4.  Create it: Explore how much it would cost to build a simple, portable water filter, in its most inexpensive and technologically simple mode.  Build a filter out of inexpensive materials (such as sand, gravel, cotton, coffee filters, cloth, etc., for lake water or glass, sand, cotton, cloth, etc. for sea water).  Pour the water of your choice (either lake water or sea water) into your filter and record how long it takes for the water to be filtered.  Record the turbidity of the water using tap water as one end of the scale and the original water as the other.  If you have access to a microscope, look for organisms in the water (both the unfiltered water and the filtered water) and note the differences.  Test for the presence of chemicals in both samples also, if you have access to testing kits.
5.  Teach it: Record the results of your observations and write what you could do better or what worked particularly well.  Teach some other student, group, class, etc., to build a water filter and write up the steps for our GC K-12 Website.

At the high school level, an example of the 5-Part Make It Happen Plan would be:

High School Level Project:  Solar Oven

Grand Challenge:  Making Solar Energy Economical

1.  Do it: You want to build an inexpensive system for using the sun to cook food.
2.  Learn it: You must research how to capture and hold heat from solar energy: how to concentrate solar rays, how to absorb solar rays, and how to insulate the oven.  You should estimate how the temperature will change as a function of time and how long it will take to reach its maximum temperature.
3.  Share it: Explore a region or culture where the solar oven could make an economic or other difference (ex. Uganda) and learn about these differences.
4.  Create it: Explore how much it would cost to replicate the solar oven, in its most inexpensive and technologically simple mode. .  Build an oven out of inexpensive materials, such as cardboard, aluminum foil, construction paper of various colors, etc.  Place that oven in the sun outside and measure the temperature difference over the next fifteen minutes, reading the thermometer every minute.
5.  Teach it: Graph the results of the temperature change.  Give some reasons why it does or does not match your prediction.  Teach some other student, group, class, etc. to build a solar oven and write up the steps for our GC K-12 Website.